Recycling Electronics, e-scrap, or e-waste has been a popular topic for the world along with the It revolution. Electronic waste is the remaining parts of the dumped electronic devices that there is no use for mankind. When it comes to recycling electronics, the world has taken some steps to reduce e-waste which is still not up to the required level. It means that the e-waste build at your doorstep will go out of both your and authorities’ hands in recent times.
This article will let you know about the stats of electronic waste, handling in different levels, and crucial facts you need to know, 10 smart ways to recycle waste.
Recycling Electronics At Present
In 2009 when smart life living just started, there were 2.37 million tons of electronic waste that could be used to make the next tallest building in the world. The content of the 2.37 million tons was made of fax machines, mice, keyboards, telephones, cell phones, and printers. That value has increased up to 50 million annually. One of the amazing things to know about obsolete electronics is that American’s annual dump cellphones worth $60 million. Since small amounts of gold and silver are being used for the cellphones, recycling electronics is such a nice topic for them too.
The deposition of cellphones domestically is one of the matters the world should look into as it has been calculated that there are about 600millions of unused cellphones or laptops at homes. When it comes to the cost of production in numbers, 530 lbs of fossil fuel, 48 lbs of chemicals, and 1.5 tons are expendable for producing a computer. Although the authorities are working hard, only 12.5% of recycling electronics happens at present.
What Does It Mean By Electronic Recycling?
Similar to typical waste management, e-waste management is the process of re-using the materials in the obsolete electronic collection for the second or the third time. When it comes to electronic equipment, there is a possibility to use its parts after repairing. This basic concept s one of the fundamentals of electronic recycling proves. Although the life cycle of an electronic item is quite shorter than a usual item, it can come into your hands with another specification.
Even if the targeted electronic is at use or out of use, there are hazardous content inside the electronic that may cause several diseases and unfavorable conditions for mankind. As it is necessary to keep them away from the man’s reach, the fundamentals of e-waste management involve managing the hazardous content first.
Therefore it is essential to prevent dangerous materials to be collected in an open space.
What Are The Things That Can Be Recycled?
Like previously mentioned, it is essential to remove the hazardous content in the electronic items that people have used. Usually, lead, hexavalent chromium and brominated fire, and cadmium are available in most of the electrical equipment. Those things are not allowed to recycle in the recycling electronic process. Also, it is crucial to remember that most of the electronic equipment consists of glass, plastic,
and metal which can be recycled easily. Even if you are a person with a keen interest to save the environment, you may group the below items for a well-deserved recycling process.
Most of the electronic equipment is coming with a plastic back cover. It is a common thing for many devices with a high range. For example, if you like recycling electronics in your car, that will be a possible thing. That is a common thing for your phone. All you have to do is to remove the outer cover using a screw. Holders, toys, covers, and many things will be categorized under this section.
You will find cathode ray tubes in the computer monitor as a part made of glass. Other than that there are plenty of places where you may find electronic waste. For example, ceramics, phone displays, hot plates, electric jars, and inside the automobile parts you will find glass as a major component. As the cost for recycling the glass is less than other materials, you will find glass as one of the major electronic recycling material as well. Also, it is vital to remember that glasses are needed to handle with care as you may find accidents with them. Especially, when removing CRT from a monitor, you should do it under instructions.
Metal is one of the major ingredients for producing electronics. You will find metal everywhere in the equipment. When n it comes to electronics, metal is used for several uses. As a component that can conduct electricity, as solid material for safety, as a component for binding with other parts, and there are so many uses for electrical devices. When recycling electronics, you will have to use specific tools for removing metals in the electrical devices. The recycled metal is used to produce steel products or new electronic devices.
As the only liquid metal at room temperature, mercury is considered one of the most dangerous materials in electronic equipment. When it comes to the electronic recycling process, special procedures are being followed to avoid mercury come into the environment. There are several recycled products for mercury such as metric instruments, dental amalgams, and fluorescent lighting, and thermometers. If you intend to handle mercury, you will have to take the cautions as Mercury is extremely dangerous
If there are several circuits in the entire world, that will be almost infinite. When it comes to the content inside those circuits, there are gold, silver, copper, palladium and so many valuable metals inside the circuits. As one of the miraculous products in human evolution, circuits will contain so many valuable materials. You need to remember that a circuit has got its high price due to the value of its content. Although everyone cannot extract those metals, some special companies are there for that duty. All you have to do is to collect and hand over the dumped circuits.
As one of the most common dumped items, batteries are popular for extracting several materials. Usually, a battery contains, cadmium, steel, nickel, and cobalt. Those things are being used to create new batteries and fabricate new steel for the products. Since there is a specific lifetime for a battery, you will be able to find a stock if you explore your garage. Although there is a certain price for an expired battery, you will find a higher value after selling the extracted materials.
Steps Of E-Waste Management
It is not as easy as it says recycling Electronics as it is a complex process. However, the complicated process can be pointed up to some common steps used by the e-waste managing authorities. If you can be a part of at least one of the mentioned process, you will be a person who did his part.
As the first part of the recycling electronics, collected materials are transported into the specific places for processing. The electronic parts are sorted according to the type of the material or any other method.
Breaking, Shredding, And Sorting
After the transportation has been completed, brought electronic waste is shredded into small particles. Most of the time, machines are used to implement this step. Then the grouping of e-waste happens at this step too. Monitors, batteries, mice, lights, and CPU like parts are used when grouping the shredded electronic wastes.
Magnet separation and water separation
Magnet separation and water separation are two vital steps in recycling electronics. Strong magnets are used to attract metals from the dumped materials. When it comes to the separation of water, blowers are coming into the action. Batteries, CRT monitors, and X-ray tubes contain some amounts of water. Therefore, e-waste handlers use specific tools to remove the water content inside those parts.
Since e-waste has got plenty of exposure to dusty conditions, it is necessary to remove the dust from the electronic parts. Shaking or blowers assist the handlers in recycling electronics. Environmental friendly methods involve when removing the dust as those particles may still contain hazardous materials.
Purification Of The Waste
Usually, more than 30-40% of the waste is unrecyclable. As the last step before e selling the recycled electronics, purification is needed to make sure that the maximum percentage has been fulfilled with the recyclable items. Magnets or handpicking is used to identify metals or important parts for recycling electronics.
Since the pure electronic content is available with the processor, the sorted and clean parts are ready to sell. Since the dust and the water content has completely been removed from the electronic parts, the recycled electronics are in working condition also. Exporting or selling with the working condition may bring excess income for the e-waste handler as well.
It is not only your duty but mine to save the world for the future generation. Since it has not passed so many years with the electronic revolution, e-waste will be a matter to decide the fate of Earth in recent time. Although there is nothing more an individual can do, even an attitude will change the path of this world forever.